Small, unincorporated communities in Texas can become legally incorporated towns after following a number of steps. This requires coordination from a group of residents, approval from the majority of voters in the area and legal expertise. The rules for incorporation are outlined in Texas Local Government Code. Towns can be incorporated as type A, B or C general law municipalities or as a home rule municipality with its own charter.
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1Become a Texas Town
2Determine the population and size
Determine the population and size of the community. The rules for incorporating a town differs based on the population and size of the town in some cases.
3Decide of municipality form
Decide which type of municipality form is the best fit for the community. There are three types of general law municipalities, which vary depending on the size of the town. The other option is to become a home rule town, which requires a town to draft a charter.
4Apply to become a Type
A town can apply to become a Type A General Law municipality if it has at least 600 residents. If the town has fewer than 2,000 residents, it must not occupy more than 2 square miles of surface area. If it has between 2,001 residents and 4,999 residents, it must be smaller than 4 square miles. If it has 5,001 to 9,999 people, it must be smaller than 9 square miles.
5Apply to become a Type B General Law municipality
A town can apply to become a Type B General Law municipality if it has a population of 201 to 9,999 inhabitants. There is no size restriction for this type of municipality.
6Apply to become a Type C General Law municipality
A town can apply to become a Type C General Law municipality if it has between 201 and 4,999 residents. If the town has fewer than 2,000 residents, it must not occupy more than 2 square miles of surface area. If it has between 2,001 residents and 4,999 residents, it must be smaller than 4 square miles. These types must set up a city commission after incorporation.
7Is a Home Rule city
The other type of city is a Home Rule city. There must be at least 5,000 residents in the area to do this. This requires the town to write a charter detailing all the rules that will govern the city.
8Draw boundaries for the town
Draw boundaries for the town. This will be used in the application sent to the county judge.
Collect signatures of registered voters in the town. How many signatures needed will be based on the number of registered voters living within the boundaries. For small, dense towns that fall under the Type A General Law municipality, only 50 signatures are needed. In other cases, 10 percent of the registered voters in the area must sign the petition. To find out how many registered voters live in the area, contact the county’s voter registrar.
10Submit a petition
Submit a petition to the county judge with the required number of signatures. Include the proposed town name and boundaries. The county judge will review the petition and set an election date. Home Rule cities should include the proposed charter.
Vote. If the majority of voters approve of the incorporation, the town will be registered.
A city official will examine several factors to prepare a report that will be used to determine if a street will be renamed. First, consideration is given to the number of businesses and residents affected by the name change. The fewer the addresses affected, the more likely it is to be approved. A city official assesses the impact to city services, the cost, precedents and community reaction to the street name. The new name must comply with the city's current street-naming system, and the proposed name must have a significance for the diversity or history of the city.
2Initiating the Request
The person who wants the street name changed must fill out a form. He must state the reasons for the request, the proposed name and a include a map showing the renamed street area. Some cities also require the submission of a certain number of signatures of people affected by the change. The applicant submits the form to the planning or development department of city government. The official reviews the application and sets a date for a city council public meeting. There, the council decides if the applicant should pay the filing fee, indicating that the street name change has potential merit.
The study for the street renaming begins once the applicant pays the fee. The development director determines the impact the name change will have with the county government, the United States Post Office, the city's public safety department and communications department. The city council reviews the report and votes on the name change in a public hearing. If it is approved, the city passes a resolution which authorizes new street signs to be made.
When you live in an apartment your landlord has the right to determine who can lawfully dwell in your unit. If you want to invite someone to live with you, there are specific channels you must navigate to make sure your living situation is legal. Adding a new roommate or family member to the list of people living in the apartment usually entails adding a name to the lease with the landlord’s approval.
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1Set the Terms
2Read your lease
Read your lease to find the terms of having another roommate. Your lease will give specific details for how to handle adding another name. You might find that someone can stay with you for a specific number of days without penalty or requirements. Learn the procedure for formally adding someone to your lease because your landlord has probably reserved the right to consent to a new tenant, the Uniform Law Commission website says. Landlord requirements vary by lease and by state, so read your documents carefully.
3Contact your landlord
Contact your landlord to begin the process of adding a new tenant to your lease. Explain the situation to advise your landlord of the new roommate. Follow your lease stipulations and your landlord’s instructions. The new roommate may have to authorize a credit check by the landlord.
4Probably draw up a replacement lease
The landlord will probably draw up a replacement lease that includes the names of each adult who will be living in the apartment. Every designated and contributing adult must sign the new lease as well as the landlord.
5Keep your copy
Keep your copy of the signed lease in a safe place so you can consult it if questions or concerns arise. Generally, all roommates named on a lease have an equal responsibility in the contract and must abide by the agreement until it expires. This means that listing your new roommate on the lease will give him the same responsibilities for keeping the lease agreement as you have.
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